Massachusetts was an of import location in the run-up to, and during the the American Revolution (1775 to 1783). Samuel Adams, Toilet Adams, and Toilet John Hancock all came from the state, and Hub Of The Universe was the land site of the Hub Of The Universe Slaughter (1770) and the Hub Of The Universe Tea Party (1773). Additionally, the Battle of Lexington and Concord, and the Battle of Bunker Hill both took topographic point within the state.
In the early 19th century, Bay State became a leader in industrialization. Textiles Mills were established in Boston, and the United States' first commercial railroad, the Granite Railway, was established in 1826.
Immediately, following the American Revolution, Bay State had been the first state to asseverate that bondage was no longer permitted. In the first one-half of the 19th century, emancipationist sentiment and activity continued to turn within the state. As a result, Bay State was one of the first states to react to President Lincoln's phone call for troops, and also was the first state to enroll a achromatic regiment, the 54th Massachustts Volunteer Infantry.
In the early old age of the 20th century, Bay State had a strong industrial economy, with Hub Of The Universe serving as the the 2nd most of import port in the country. The economic system however began to waver during the 1920s, and the state was hit hard by the Great Depression that began in 1929.
After World War II, and a difficult passage period, Bay State gradually transitioned to a largely service and engineering based economy. The state is also an of import educational center, containing many nationally and internationally reknown colleges and universities, including Bay State Institute of Technology and Harvard University University.